Chapter 22 Meeting Schedule




20 June 2018

Annual Chapter 22 Picnic


16 May 2018

Speaker: TBA


18 April 2018

Speaker: TBA


21March 2018

Speaker: TBA


21 February 2018

Annual "Show and Tell" night


17 January 2018

Annual Movie Night

Movie: TBA


20 December 2017

Annual Christmas Party


15 November 2017

Speaker: TBA


18 October 2017

Speaker: TBA


21 September 2017

Speaker: TBA



July & August 2017
Summer Hiatus - no meetings



21 JUNE 2017
Annual Chapter 22 picnic with a guest speaker!


Speaker: Carl K. Burkett, Jr.

Venango Chapter 30


"MAMMOTHS, MASTODONS AND PALEOINDIAN SITES IN THE CONNEAUT LAKE DRAINAGE,
CRAWFORD COUNTY, PENNSYLVANIA"

Authors: Carl K. Burkett Jr, Raymond A. Stewart and William Black
Intriguing questions are posed by discoveries of mammoth and mastodon remains and nearby Paleo-Indian sites in the Conneaut Lake drainage, Crawford County, Pennsylvania.  One mastodon (Mammut americanum) and six mammoths (Mammuthus  spp.) were found in lake or marsh locations in the broad valley dominated by Conneaut Lake and the extensive Geneva Marsh south of the lake.  Only one of these was systematically excavated, the Sid Hill mastodon near Conneaut Lake.   Ten Paleo-Indian sites, located on the margins or near these landscape features, revealed such fluted point types as Eastern Clovis, Gainey and Barnes.  These artifacts and other tools occur as isolated finds, or in small concentrations, at multi-component sites.  The nature and potential relationship of these faunal discoveries and nearby Paleo-Indian sites is the focus of this paper.



17 MAY 2017
Speaker: Dr. Beverly A. Chiarulli

Associate Professor, Retired, Indiana University of Pennsylvania

“Formal Tools and Expedient Tools: A Comparison of Lithic Tool manufacturing and use in Belize and Western Pennsylvania”
Small flake tools have been recovered from most Maya Sites in Belize. These are often viewed as byproducts of the lithic reduction process that were then used when needed as expedient tools. This description of these flakes as “expedient” rather than formal tools, suggests that these were randomly chosen because they were at hand. However, A closer analysis of small expedient flakes recovered from four sites (Cerros, Chau Hiix, Maax Na, and El Pilar) in Belize has found that while many of the flakes may have been removed during tool manufacture, the expedient tools themselves were primarily used in a limited set of household activities especially those associated with cutting or carving bone or wood. This presentation describes the lithic tools in Belize and identifies some similar patterns of tool manufacture use here in Western Pennsylvania.
 

19 APRIL 2017
Speaker: Bill Black

President, Venango Chapter 30


"Uhler Farm Rockshelter…..1955"

In 1955 Merrill Sheffer, his wife and daughter excavated a rockshelter under the supervision of a trained archaeologist.  The site yielded hundreds of artifact from the Early Woodland period.  The artifacts were cataloged and the pottery analyzed.  The site was thought to be registered.  In 1969 Dr. Sue Ann Curtis included the site in the Venango County archaeological survey conducted by Penn State.  In fact, the site was never registered.  Bill will discuss the artifacts and summarize the findings for us.
 

15 MARCH 2017
Speaker: Brian Fritz
Principle Archaeological Investigator for Quemahoning, LLC, a cultural resources consulting business that specializes in industrial archaeology, paleo-landscape geomorphology, and GIS solutions for archaeological problems.  Mr. Fritz has earned a B.S. in geology and a B.A. in Anthropology from Clarion University of Pennsylvania, and M.S. in Geology at the University of Akron.  He has found GIS to be an essential tool for completing archaeological and geological research projects.

"Digging into Quarry Sites: New Methods for Understanding Prehistoric Mined Landscapes"
Abstract: Prehistoric quarry sites typically contain large quantities of broken and fractured rock fragments.  Quarry pits and mine spoils often converge and overlap, forming complex landscapes that are difficult to unravel.  Archaeologists have struggled to find meaningful and cost effective ways to analyze quarry sites, with marginal success.  Archaeological excavations near Glens Falls, New York uncovered evidence of prehistoric mine pits, chert quarry debris, and bedrock surfaces that were intensively battered with stone hammers.  The excavation used new methods for classifying quarry sites and analyzing quarry debris.  This new approach promises to provide a better understanding of how prehistoric quarry sites develop and evolve over time.


15 FEBRUARY 2017
Annual "Show and Tell" Night
 

18 JANUARY 2017
Annual Movie Night
 

21 DECEMBER 2016
Annual Christmas Party
 

16 NOVEMBER 2016
Speaker: Robert Oshnock

Vice President, Westmoreland Archaeological Society, Chapter 23 of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology


"The Consol Site, 36Wm100"

This program will discuss two Late Prehistoric Monongahela villages that dated from 1350 AD and 1450 AD. The Westmoreland Archaeological Society has spent 16 years excavating these two villages, with the project being completed in 2015. Bob was the site director for the entire excavation.
 

19 OCTOBER 2016

Speaker: Dr. Aksel Casson
Professor of Anthropology, Slippery Rock University

"Archaeology and Native Rights at The Dakota Access Pipeline"
The October chapter meeting will consist of a presentation by Aksel Casson on the events and issues surrounding the proposed Dakota Access Pipeline, with a focus on the nature of ongoing protests against the project led by native communities.  The presentation will also include background on the relationship these native communities have to the land as a sacred space and archaeological efforts to conserve these sacred spaces.  The presentation will be followed by a panel discussion moderated by Casson and Brian Fritz in an effort to put a local spin on this important issue.


 

21 SEPTEMBER 2016

Speaker: Hannah Hoskins

SRU Junior Anthropology Major


"Mosaic Conservation at Stobi (Macedonia)"

Hannah's talk will feature  talking about her summer fuels school experience in Macedonia. She will present techniques learned during archaeological field school training at the 4th and 5th century BC site of Stobi Macedonia.



July & August 2016

Summer Hiatus - no meetings



15 JUN 2016

Annual Picnic!



18 MAY 2016

Speaker: Dr. Carl Robertson
President and CEO, Providence Plantation Foundation

"Determinants of George Washington's Route in the Connoquenessing Valley in 1753"
The most controversial segment of Washington's military route between its origin in Williamsburg, VA., and its destination at Fort LeBoeuf (and back) is in the Connoquenessing Valley. The identification of the route in this area has been held by some as impossible to determine. Some who hold this view offer instead a vague tourism corridor declare its exact historical location is unimportant.  The presentation of May 18th will offer significant evidence that the route can be identified, based on period documentation, Iroquoian travel culture, remnants of the path, and the archaeological identification of pre-historic villages, camps, and rock shelters along the course of the paths in question.

Carl Robertson, Ph.D., is the President and CEO of the Providence Plantation Foundation, a non-profit organization that specializes in the living history portrayal of significant persons who played a role in the Ohio country in the colonial and revolutionary eras of early America.



20 APR 2016

Speaker: Dr. John P. Nass, Jr.
Professor of Anthropology, California University of Pennsylvania


"Emergence of Regional Polities during the Late Prehistoric Period from Western Pennsylvania"
Evidence for emerging socio-political complexity can take several forms, such as changes in regional settlement patterns, mortuary treatment, and the emergency of craft specialization/production. Within the Upper Ohio River Valley that includes Southwestern Pennsylvania, excavations at post AD 1400 Late Prehistoric village sites west of the Somerset Plateau and belonging to the Monongahela Tradition have revealed changes in mortuary treatment, the addition of a new artifact type the bowl, and the addition of a new form of architecture, the pedal house. The intent of this paper is to demonstrate that the occurrence of these three at only post AD 1400 village sites signals a fundamental change in the socio-political landscape resulting from an increasing need for group identity and political cohesion.



16 MAR 2016

Speaker: Dr. Mark McConaughy

Regional Archaeologist for the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission's Bureau for Historic Preservation at the Bushy Run Battlefield


"Late Woodland to Contact Period Farming Societies in the Upper Ohio Valley"
Native American adoption of intensive maize agriculture for subsistence occurs during the Late Woodland/Late Prehistoric period in western Pennsylvania, dating from roughly 500 to1000 years ago. This gave rise to village-based societies collectively called the Monongahela in southwestern Pennsylvania and McFate and Meade Island in northwestern Pennsylvania. However, most of our information about maize agriculture from Western Pennsylvania comes from Monongahela sites. Squash and gourds were part of the agricultural development and were grown long before maize horticulture started in Pennsylvania. Later additions to their diet included beans and sunflower, and although not a food crop, tobacco was also cultivated for use in various ceremonies.



17 FEB 2016

Annual Show and Tell night

First meeting at the new location at Camp Lutherlyn



20 JAN 2016

Movie Night - Meeting canceled due to bad weather



16 DEC 2015
Annual Christmas Party
No Speaker


18 NOV 2015

Speaker: Dr. Aksel Casson

Professor of Anthropology, Slippery Rock University


Dr. Casson will summarize a long-term project to establish a regional chronology for the pottery of the Sinop region of Turkey's Black Sea coast using luminescence dating.  The project's results are the first absolute chronology for the region - an improvement on pre-existing style-based ceramic chronologies.  The methods used in the analysis, a combination of thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence, were particularly well suited to regional chronology development and contribute generally to the fields of archaeometry and chronometric dating.  


21 OCT 2015
Speaker: Tom Glover

North Fork Chapter 29 of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology


"Birding the Pleistocene"

The changing environment of the Late Pleistocene impacted the avian fauna of Pennsylvania when nesting habits and migration patterns were altered by the advance of the Wisconsin glacier. These birds offered the Paleo Indians a potentially valuable food resource.His program will present a glimpse into the habitat and nature of birds and will explore how bird behavior and the dramatically changing environment during that time could have been exploited by the earliest Native Americans.


16 SEP 2015
Speaker: Dr. Lara Homsey-Messer
Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology
Indiana University of Pennsylvania


"What's for Dinner? Reconstructing Diet and Cooking at Dust Cave, Alabama"
At the archaeological site of Dust Cave, a Late Paleoindian through Middle Archaic site in northwest Alabama, excellent preservation conditions have resulted in a plethora of feature types. Ranging from small charcoal pits to fired clay surfaces and hearths, the features at Dust Cave are representations of the occupants’ cooking and processing activities. This talk will explore these activities by examining traditional archaeological materials, like botanical and faunal remains, as well as utilizing some high-tech materials such as fatty acids and cholesterol. Cooking experiments offer additional information as to how the residents of Dust Cave cooked foods, and suggest a wide range of culinary techniques including roasting, broiling, steaming and parching.



JULY 2015 and AUGUST 2015
No meeting


17 JUN 2015
Annual Chapter Picnic at 6 pm at the Butler Twp. Park Building.

Bring a dish to share.


20 MAY 2015
Speaker: Brian L. Fritz, M.S., R.P.A.,

Principal Investigator, Quemahoning LLC


“Geospatial Reconstruction of the 1959-1960 Excavations of the Chambers Site (36LR0011), Edinburg, Lawrence County, Pennsylvania”

Archaeological excavations at the Chambers site (36LR0011) were conducted in 1959 through 1960 by archaeologists from Carnegie Museum of Natural History and by members of the Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology.  The investigation identified a Woodland Period burial mound and an 18th century Indian cemetery.  Human remains and funerary objects removed from historic graves showed strong cultural affiliations to Indian groups that were known to have settlements in western Pennsylvania during the 18th century.  The Chambers site is believed to be associated with Seneca and Delaware settlements along the Mahoning River that were collectively known as "the Kuskuskies Towns."  The Delaware Tribe of Indians is seeking to repatriate human remains and funerary objects that were removed from the Chambers Site under the authority of the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA).  As part of the NAGPRA documentation, the Delaware Tribe of Indians wished to relocate the site of the excavations.  However, detailed maps showing the locations of the burial mound and Indian cemetery were not preserved in archaeological archives.  Using photographs of the archaeological excavations, GIS software, and methods of photogrammetry the locations of Carnegie Museum's excavations where reconstructed on the modern landscape.


15 APR 2015
Bill Black
Venango Archeology Chapter 30


“The AD Wood Site: A French Creek-Phase Occupation in Western Pennsylvania”
The AD Wood site (36-Ve-176) was identified from a surface collection during a 1969 Venango County Archaeological Survey conducted by D. Sue Ann Curtis (Bebrich). A recent artifact collection from the Sugar Creek drainage suggested a Late Woodland occupation at the Wood site based on multiple triangular points and shell-tempered pottery. Following owner permission and a shovel test, Venango Archaeology, SPA Chapter 30 has completed two summers of public access archaeology. More than 160 square meters of plow-zone soil removal has exposed 30 features and multiple post mold patterns. Artifacts include chipped-stone points and utilized blades, rim sherds of probable Chataqua-ware, French Creek-phase pottery, and botanicals including maize and butternut shells. Charcoal removed from Feature #3 produced a C14 date of about AD 1250. Additional work on-site will continue during the 2015 season.


 
18 MAR 2105   
Brad Pflugh
Department Chair of Social Studies at Knoch High School, part-time instructor at BC3, and Board Member to the Butler County Historical Society and for Pennsylvania Council for History Education


“Rage, Murder and Execution”
The presentation is about Sam Mohawk who murdered the Wigton family in the mid-19th century in Butler County, Pennsylvania. Mohawk was a Native American living in NY, who had a severe alcohol problem mixed with an undiagnosed psychological disorder. During his travels he massacred a wife and her children near the Old Stone House. A manhunt followed and he was captured. He is one of only two men hung in the history of Butler County. This presentation is based on Brad’s book: "Rage, Murder and Execution". Brad will bring the book with him and if possible, he will also bring the manacles used to tie Mohawk in the jail cell. 


 

18 FEB 2015
Annual Show-n-Tell Night; Canceled due to bad weather


 
21 JAN 2015
Annual Movie Night:  “Ice Age Columbus”

Traditional history tells us that European settlers discovered America about the time of the Renaissance. But revolutionary new archaeological data and the latest DNA research reveal that Europeans visited our shores far earlier - some 17,000 years before Columbus was even born. Filmed in glorious high definition, this two-hour, epic drama follows an intrepid family of stone age hunters as they trek from their homeland in southwestern France, cross 3,000 miles of ocean and eventually make their first permanent settlement in what is today the northeastern U.S. Along the way, they overcome starvation and storms with the help of a revolutionary weapons technology they would later bequeath to the native peoples of the Americas. But awaiting the pioneers' arrival is a stark, empty continent, filled with a plethora of bizarre and lethal animals - all brought to life by brilliant computer animation. Firmly rooted in the latest scientific discoveries, it's a compelling vision of the greatest migration in human history. 
http://smile.amazon.com/Ice-Columbus-Were-First-Americans/dp/B000NNN7TK/ref=sr_1_14?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1430162999&sr=1-14&keywords=ice+age



17 DEC 2014
Annual Christmas Party
No Speaker


19 NOV 2015
Movie Night: “Ice Age Death Trap”

During construction in Colorado, a bulldozer dug up a tooth so huge it had to be held in two hands. NOVA s Ice Age Death Trap reveals intimate secrets of the life and death of North America s most exotic and extreme creatures. Most tantalizing of all, the team unearths startling and controversial evidence of what may be the earliest humans ever to venture into the untamed wilderness of Ice Age America.
http://smile.amazon.com/Nova-Ice-Age-Death-Trap/dp/B006WDEAR8/ref=sr_1_1?s=movies-tv&ie=UTF8&qid=1430163043&sr=1-1&keywords=ice+age+death+trap

 

15 OCT 2014
Brian Fritz
M.S., R.P.A., Principal Investigator, Quemahoning, LLC

“Archaeological Mapping of the Spring Creek Glass Sand Works, Allegheny National Forest, Forest County,  Pennsylvania”
The Spring Creek Glass Sand Works was a glass sand manufacturing facility located in Spring Creek Valley, Forest County, PA, that operated between 1914 and 1926. Sandstone quarried from the rim of the valley was conveyed down an inclined plane to a processing plant where the sandstone was crushed, milled, washed and dried. The resulting pure silica sand was shipped across the Tionesta Valley Railroad to numerous glass making facilities that were common in western PA during the early 20th century. Ruins of the sand works are owned and managed by the USDA Forest Service as part of the Allegheny National Forest. In 2012, a cooperative partnership was formed between the Allegheny National Forest, the Jefferson County Historical Society and Quemahoning, LLC for generating a detailed map of the sand works site. The field survey recorded the location, size and shape of numerous quarry pit, mine trams, inclines and foundations. GIS was used to construct detailed maps that helped archaeologists to identify the function of various structures within the complex and the general sand manufacturing workflow. The results of the survey will help the Forest Service to make better decisions in regards to the preservation of the ruins and how to best present the story of the Spring Creek Glass Sand Works to the public.
For more information: http://www.quemahoning.com/


 
17 SEP 2014
Dr. Ben Ford

Assistant Professor of Anthropology and Archaeology, IUP
“Preliminary Analysis of the Hanna's Town Collection and How it Can Help Us Present the Site to the Public”
Four decades of archaeologists, both professional and avocational, have excavated the site of Hanna's Town, Pennsylvania (ca. 1769-1810), resulting in nearly one million artifacts and tens of linear feet of documentation. Since 2010, staff and students of the lndiana University of Pennsylvania Anthropology Department have been working to create a computerized database and GIS of these data.  This work is ongoing, but sufficient data have been digitized to allow preliminary analysis.  That analysis, presented here, deals with the spatial arrangement of the site, taphonomic and collection patterns, access to goods on the frontier, the presence of specific ethnic groups, and evidence of the Revolutionary War raid that destroyed much of the town.  The results of this analysis will lead to hypotheses that can be tested once all of the data are digitized and will help inform how the site is Interpreted to the public.More information: http://www.westmorelandheritage.org/event/iup-archaeology-field-school-historic-hannas-town/?eID=4059


OHIO VALLEY CHAPTER NO. 22
Society for Pennsylvania Archaeology, Inc.
 

Meeting Location:

Chapter meetings are held on the THIRD Wednesday of each month at:


Camp Lutherlyn

500 Lutherlyn Ln

Butler, PA 16001


Social time at 6:30pm

Program at 7:00pm